What is Hand Gesture(Hasta Mudra) ?

The word mudra is translated as gesture or attitude which can be psychic emotional devotional and esthetic. Mudras are subtle movements, capable of altering mood, attitude and perception and deepening awareness and concentration. The mudras and postures established a link between physical body, mental body and the energy body. It establishes an energy balance in the entire body and enables redirection of subtle energy to the upper chakras resulting in higher state of consciousness.

In Sanskrit, the word ‘MUDRA’ means seal, a mark, a gesture, and ‘HASTA’ means hand. It is therefore a way of placing our hands and specially fingers in such a way that energies our body, mind and soul.

Why should we do Mudras?

There is a mutual bond with yoga and mudra. Yoga Mudras are not part of an exercise, but a form of spiritual practice to improve our physical, mental and spiritual practice. We should realize that our hands / fingers have a direct reaction with our specific part of our brains.
Mudras redirect the energy flow, linking the individual pranic energy with universal force. Each finger represents the energy of a planet, a determinate quality, and emotions. For example; the thumbs represent the ego.

So what are the Basic Mudras?

Now we know that yoga is not only exercise, but it is a form of spiritual practice which helps us to improve our physical, mental and spiritual well being. It is not about twisting and curling our body into different shapes and poses; but is actually certain specific mudras posed during meditation which eventually help one in weight loss, grow healthily, be creative, and gain a peaceful mind through concentration and ofcourse a peaceful sleep.

Types of MUDRA

1. Gyan Mudra

One of the first Yoga pose is Gyan Mudra or the Knowledge Mudra. The tip of the index finger presses the tip of the thumb. Other three fingers are left straight free.
Commonly used during Meditation during early in the mornings with a fresh of mind.
It is so popular that it helps to:
– Sharpens our brain by developing the concentration and memory power.
– Hence helps in curing Insomnia
– Helps to heal mental and psychological disorders like anger, stress, anxiety or even depression.
Time: Early mornings are preferred with fresh mind.

2. Vayu Mudra

Fold your index finger. As you fold your fingers you can see two bones. These are called phalanx bones. When you have folded your index finger the second bone that you see, you have to press it with the base of your thumb. The rest of the three fingers should be kept extended as much as possible.
It helps in:
– Balancing the air element within our body
– Releasing the excess wind from stomach and body
– There by reducing rheumatic and chest pain
Time: At any time of the day as per your convenience.

3. Agni Mudra (fire mudra)

agni mudra
Fold your ring finger and press the second phalanx with the base of your thumb. Keep the rest of the fingers straight. This mudra should be practiced only in sitting position early in the morning with an empty stomach.

Maintain this mudra for at least 15 minutes every day.
– Dissolves the extra fat boosting metabolism which controls obesity.
– Helps in digestion which ultimately improves strength
– Reduces stress and tension which eventually controls high cholesterol levels.
Time: This mudra should be practiced only in sitting position early in the morning with an empty stomach.

4. Prithvi Mudra (earth Mudra)

prithvi mudra

Sit in a padmasana (sitting in a lotus pose) keeping the palms of both your hands on your knees with straight elbows. Touch the tip of your ring finger with the tip of your thumb. Pressing the tips of these two fingers, keep the rest of the fingers extended out.
There are so many benefits of this mudra that most of the people love doing this. The main reasons are
– It increases concentration which eventually helps a person in tolerating unwanted things patiently and wisely; i.e reduces exhaustion dullness of mind.
– It also strengthen the weak and lean bones which ultimately increases weight of people suffering from low weight.
– Lastly it helps by improving our complexion with a natural glowing skin.
Time: Preferable done in the morning, however one may even do it at any time of the day and for any duration.

5. Varun Mudra (water mudra)


Lightly touch the tip of your little finger with the tip of your thumb. The rest of the fingers should be kept straight.
This is the best yogic mudra for our outer beauty. It has a positive effect on our skin and keeps it away off all problems. A very effective yoga asana for
our overall health let us learn to do this mudra with perfection.
Take care not to press the tip of the little finger near the nail. That will cause dehydration instead of balancing the water level in your body.

Time: One may do it at any time of the day and in any position, but sitting cross-legged when doing this mudra is preferable.